By Jemaa El Bahraouy
Water is life; without it there is no life. When there is a change in water quality, humans and other living organisms can’t use it; if used it can lead to death. This change in water quality is called water pollution. Water pollution affects our lives and the environment every day. In this article I will talk about the effects of water pollution.
Clean water is mandatory for life. When water gets polluted, it becomes unhealthy for everyone. Water pollution has become an increasing problem on our earth which is affecting human and animal lives. Water pollution occurs when chemicals waste or other particles cause a body of water to become harmful to everybody.
Water pollution has some very serious effects on nature and all living things. Drinking polluted water can cause diseases like cholera, typhoid, diarrhea, hepatitis A, lead poisoning, malaria, polio, fluorosis, intestinal worms, and many more. The consumption of highly contaminated water can cause injury to the heart and kidney and even death. It caused 1.8 million deaths in 2015, according to a study published in The Lancet.
Many aquatic animals die every year and that’s a big problem because it’s contributing to the disruption of food chain thus to the extinction of those animals. Water pollution causes death of fish and many other aquatic animals. Dead fish, crabs, birds, dolphins, and many other animals often wind up on beaches killed by pollutants in their habitat. Polluted water has toxic substances that are harmful for aquatic life moreover the waste that comes from factories also increases the temperature of water in water bodies.
All these factors and effects caused by water pollution eventually damage the ecosystem, threatening life on earth. In conclusion, pollutions reduce the quality of our life.